Sterile crappie much better for ponds

Hal Schramm

April 30, 2009 at 10:25 am  | Mobile Reader | Pring this storyPrint 

Blackstripe, or blacknose, crappie are being used so they are easily recognized.
HAL SCHRAMM
Blackstripe, or blacknose, crappie are being used so they are easily recognized.
Mississippi is home to some of the best crappie fishing in the country. The fertile waters and long growing season are conducive to fast growth. When year-class strength is moderate, the crappie can grow to more than 1 pound in three to four years, and fishing is fantastic.

Unfortunately, moderate year classes are the exception, and crappie numbers and quality fluctuate widely.

 

The problem with crappie

While a good spawn and high survival that produces a strong year class seems like a good situation, the abundant crappie share a limited food supply, and growth suffers. Anglers catch a lot of crappie, but they are small.

When weak year classes are produced, often as a result of low water conditions in flood-control reservoirs or high flow-through in hydroelectric or navigation impoundments, the few fish have plenty of food, and growth is fast. In a couple years, anglers will be catching some big crappie, but bites will be few.

The fluctuations in crappie abundance become even more acute in impoundments smaller than 500 acres. A 1-pound female crappie can spawn 60,000-100,000 eggs, so the reproductive output of only a couple crappie can overpopulate a small impoundment.

The abundant crappie will quickly outstrip forage production and even compete with bass for fish forage and with bream and catfish for invertebrate forage. For obvious reasons, crappie should not be stocked into small impoundments.

Despite these problems, many anglers want to catch crappie in private ponds and in Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks (MDWFP) lakes. Managing for consistently good crappie fishing in small impoundments requires control of crappie reproduction.

MDWFP fishery managers now have a tool that can be used to produce good and stable crappie fishing in small impoundments. The tool is a fish — a triploid hybrid crappie — the Magnolia crappie, and it is being produced at the North Mississippi Fish Hatchery.

 

Making Magnolia crappie

The Magnolia crappie is a cross between a male blackstripe crappie and a female white crappie. The blackstripe crappie is a color variant of the black crappie that occurs naturally in low numbers in some Mississippi impoundments. The blackstripe crappie — also called a blacknose crappie — is recognized by a narrow, dark stripe from the dorsal fin forward down the top of the head and continues on the underside of the head to the back of the mouth.

The hybrid offspring of the male blackstripe crappie and the female white crappie retains the black stripe. Using the blackstripe crappie as the male parent instead of a normally colored black crappie allows hybrids produced in the hatchery to be easily recognized.

But hybrid crappie can reproduce, so hybrids don’t accomplish the goal of controlled reproduction needed to effectively manage crappie in small impoundments. But the hatchery scientists have one more trick — they make the crappies triploid.

Crappie, as most fish, have two sets of chromosomes. This is the diploid condition, and diploid fish reproduce normally. Triploid crappie have three sets of chromosomes. Cellular processes necessary to produce viable eggs and sperm break down when there are three sets of chromosomes. It is the triploid condition that prevents the triploid hybrid crappie from producing offspring. The fish produce eggs and sperm and mate, but the fertilized eggs do not develop.

The triploid offspring are produced by stripping eggs from normal female white crappie and fertilizing them with sperm stripped from normal male blackstripe crappie. At exactly five minutes after fertilization, the eggs are put into a pressure chamber and exposed to 8,000 psi of pressure for two minutes. This interrupts the normal cellular processes, and results in the egg retaining an extra set of chromosomes. The fertilized egg, and the offspring that develops from it, have three sets of chromosomes, and cannot produce offspring.

Crappie reproduction is controlled only if all the stocked fish are triploid. Unfortunately, the procedure is not yet fool-proof. The percentage of offspring that are triploid has ranged from 60 percent to 100 percent, so work remains to further refine the process. Fish can be tested to see if they are triploid by taking a tiny blood sample from each fish. The process does not injure the fish, but is very labor intensive and limits the number of fish that can be stocked.

As the hatchery staff continues to refine their procedures, Magnolia crappie are being produced and will be stocked into some state fishing lakes. The MDWFP hatchery does not provide fish for private stocking.

Hard work and progressive thinking will produce great crappie fishing without creating populations of overabundant and small crappie of little interest to anglers.


View other articles written Hal Schramm


Reports / Forum
Found a 12oz WATER BOTTLE in a redfishes belly!!!(got pics and huge report)  This report contains photos  
April 13 at 8:43 pm | 2043 Views | 0 Comments
Crazy week of fishing(Drum, bulls, trout and flounder)!!! 
April 20 at 8:58 am | 773 Views | 0 Comments
Attala county bass club  This report contains photos  
April 10 at 11:40 am | 379 Views | 0 Comments
An 11 day red snapper season?! 
April 11 at 4:04 pm | 317 Views | 1 Comments
Trout Bonanza  This report contains photos  
April 15 at 10:10 pm | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Hybrid Striper, UL Tackle 6 lb Test, short video  This report contains a video
April 14 at 6:35 am | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Reds and Trout!  This report contains photos  
April 16 at 8:17 am | 279 Views | 0 Comments
EASTER SUNDAY!  This report contains photos  
April 21 at 10:33 am | 209 Views | 0 Comments
Dularge Trout Fishing! 
April 15 at 10:43 pm | 181 Views | 0 Comments
Easter in Dularge 
April 21 at 3:16 am | 145 Views | 0 Comments
METAL SHEDS--METAL COVERS- & STORAGE CONTAINERS  This report contains photos  
Yesterday at 8:04 am | 105 Views | 0 Comments
Post | Reports | Forum
An 11 day red snapper season?! 
April 11 at 4:04 pm | 317 Views | 1 Comments
METAL SHEDS--METAL COVERS- & STORAGE CONTAINERS  This report contains photos  
Yesterday at 8:04 am | 105 Views | 0 Comments
EASTER SUNDAY!  This report contains photos  
April 21 at 10:33 am | 209 Views | 0 Comments
Easter in Dularge 
April 21 at 3:16 am | 145 Views | 0 Comments
Crazy week of fishing(Drum, bulls, trout and flounder)!!! 
April 20 at 8:58 am | 773 Views | 0 Comments
Reds and Trout!  This report contains photos  
April 16 at 8:17 am | 279 Views | 0 Comments
Dularge Trout Fishing! 
April 15 at 10:43 pm | 181 Views | 0 Comments
Trout Bonanza  This report contains photos  
April 15 at 10:10 pm | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Hybrid Striper, UL Tackle 6 lb Test, short video  This report contains a video
April 14 at 6:35 am | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Found a 12oz WATER BOTTLE in a redfishes belly!!!(got pics and huge report)  This report contains photos  
April 13 at 8:43 pm | 2043 Views | 0 Comments
Attala county bass club  This report contains photos  
April 10 at 11:40 am | 379 Views | 0 Comments
Post | Reports | Forum
METAL SHEDS--METAL COVERS- & STORAGE CONTAINERS  This report contains photos  
Yesterday at 8:04 am | 105 Views | 0 Comments
EASTER SUNDAY!  This report contains photos  
April 21 at 10:33 am | 209 Views | 0 Comments
Easter in Dularge 
April 21 at 3:16 am | 145 Views | 0 Comments
Crazy week of fishing(Drum, bulls, trout and flounder)!!! 
April 20 at 8:58 am | 773 Views | 0 Comments
Reds and Trout!  This report contains photos  
April 16 at 8:17 am | 279 Views | 0 Comments
Dularge Trout Fishing! 
April 15 at 10:43 pm | 181 Views | 0 Comments
Trout Bonanza  This report contains photos  
April 15 at 10:10 pm | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Hybrid Striper, UL Tackle 6 lb Test, short video  This report contains a video
April 14 at 6:35 am | 283 Views | 0 Comments
Found a 12oz WATER BOTTLE in a redfishes belly!!!(got pics and huge report)  This report contains photos  
April 13 at 8:43 pm | 2043 Views | 0 Comments
An 11 day red snapper season?! 
April 11 at 4:04 pm | 317 Views | 1 Comments
Attala county bass club  This report contains photos  
April 10 at 11:40 am | 379 Views | 0 Comments
Post | Reports | Forum

Free Classifieds

Spikes Tactical AR with extras
Spikes Tactical AR with extras
Spikes Tactical AR15. BCM 16' chrome lined 1:7 twist 5.56 M4 barrel. Kineti-Tech Muzzle brake with sound redirector. ALG Defense Combat Trigger (tuned by Geiselle). UTG Pro Super Slim 13' free float. Yankee Hill lo profile gas block. WMD Nitromet...
April 17 at 10:17 am | 53 Views
Two pistols (SIG and Walther)
Two pistols (SIG and Walther)
I am looking to sell a couple of my pistols. First up is a SIG Pro SP2022. It is chambered in 9mm. I recently upgraded it with a stainless guide rod. I comes with; 3 15 rd mags (new only comes with one, and they are $40 a piece), Fobus paddle...
April 18 at 8:17 pm | 92 Views
GOLF CART TIRES
GOLF CART TIRES
Set of tires from a 2014 Yamaha Drive Adventurer Golf Cart 2+2. Tire size AT20X10-10 Call for more info 228-467-2847rn $250....
Yesterday at 10:43 am | 8 Views
Boats for Work and Play
Boats for Work and Play
Need a boat for work or just want one for pleasure? We offer a line of 16', 21' and 25' skiffs that are customized to suit your needs. Give us a call for more information 985-345-1291. Also, find us on Facebook at R&H Fiberglass/Mr B's Boats. Be...
April 09 at 2:08 pm | 62 Views
DC FISH & SKI
DC FISH & SKI
NOW IN STOCK! 2014 20' FISH & SKI WITH YAMAHA 200HP FOUR STROKE & ALUMINUM SPORT TRAIL TRAILER. S/S PROP, INTERSTATE BATTERY, 2' WHITE RUBRAIL W/BLK INSERT, TOAST BOW COVER, COCKPIT COVER W/ BIMINI, SEASTAR TILT STEERING, FINGERGRIP STEER WHEEL,...
April 16 at 3:04 pm | 41 Views
AKC Yellow Lab Puppies
AKC Yellow Lab Puppies
AKC Yellow Lab Puppies for sale. 5 males and 2 females born 4-5-14. Ready for new homes 5-31-14. Sire is from British Field Trial Champion Bloodlines, and is a proven hunter. Dam is also from champion bloodlines. Sire is a fox red and dam is almost...
April 19 at 10:05 pm | 54 Views
Registeres Labs
Registeres Labs
CKC registered Labs, 5 months old. Both parents on site, shots, wormed and Flee prevention. Priced reduced to $200.00 Call cell at 504-228-8991 Sabrina...
April 18 at 3:13 pm | 50 Views
Glastron GT 225 SKI BOAT AND E-Z load trailer
Glastron GT 225 SKI BOAT AND  E-Z load trailer
REDUCED!!!!!! Contact Gulf South Yacht Sales LLC at 985-807-2628 in Mandeville, LA. for more information on this boat or visit the website: http://gulfsouthyachtsales.com

GREAT BUY on this one!!!

JUST IN TIME FOR...
April 10 at 12:02 pm | 60 Views
2001 Chevrolet Tahoe LT 4x4
2001 Chevrolet Tahoe LT 4x4
This Beautiful Tahoe Is Simply Stunning In Every Detail. Fully Equipped With All Power Including Factory Yellow Special Order Exterior Paint, 5.3 Liter Vortec V-8 Engine, 4-Speed Automatic Transmission With Tow/Haul Mode, Four Wheel Drive, Autoride...
April 11 at 8:42 pm | 60 Views
METAL COVERS for TRUCKS& RV'S
METAL COVERS for TRUCKS& RV'S
METAL COVERS OR SHEDS for trucks tractors etc...WE INSTALL AT YOUR SITE. call 225-622-3399---MANY SIZES AND COLORS AND HEIGHTS!14546 Airline Hwy. Gonzales,La 70737 --www.accuratecontainerservices.com...
April 22 at 9:02 am | 22 Views