With less and less daylight and cooler water temperatures settling in, slowing down your presentation is often key to catching December speckled trout.

“I’m always telling my customers, ‘Slow is the way to go,’” said Capt. Mike Gallo of Angling Adventures of Louisiana. “And if you’re not catching anything, go even slower.”

Trout move deeper as the water cools, so Gallo likes to target shorelines with easy deepwater access that also feature flats with clear, moving water and signs of baitfish activity.

“If the water temperature is 55 and above, they like shallow water close to deep water,” he said. “That way, if we get a cold front, they’ll just drop down into that deep water without having to go very far.”

But this time of year, especially, he takes his fishing cues from clues provided by the first trout he catches each day.

“If he comes straight to the surface and shakes his head, he’s not cold,” Gallo said. “But if you hook a fish and he’s fighting but it’s a lethargic fight and he never comes to the surface and never shakes his head, he’s cold.

“So if I change my technique, I need to change in a slower direction, not in a faster direction. Lots of things can be determined by catching one fish.”

To that end, Gallo’s first speck of the day doesn’t end up on ice. Instead, it goes into the livewell to see if it will provide more clues that might turn an average day of fishing into a really good one.

“Every 10 or 15 minutes, I go and check the livewell, and I’m hoping he pukes something up: a crab, a shrimp or a baby fish,” Gallo said. “Then I get a clue on what he’s feeding on, and I can mimic that.”

If the guide is fishing with a 3-inch Sparkle Beetle but sees the trout in his livewell just spit up a 2-inch minnow, Gallo typically downsizes his lures.

“I’m going to go more in that 2-inch range because that may be what’s down there on the bottom,” he said. “I happened to catch one, but if my lure really mimics what’s down there I have a better chance of catching more.

“That’s just matching the hatch. And if you can actually make out what it is they spit up — let’s say it’s a pogie — then salt-and-pepper is a great imitation for matching a pogie.”

He also pays particular attention to his electronics this time of year to identify the good, hard bottom trout prefer. Being able to differentiate the bottom types is a matter of learning how the images display on the screen.

“Let’s say you have one line showing the bottom that’s an 1/8-inch thick,” Gallo said. “What that’s telling you is the signal going down from your transducer and bouncing back up is bouncing back up quickly because that bottom is firm.

“But when it draws a bottom that’s 1 1/2 inches thick and real fuzzy, it’s telling you that’s a soft, mushy bottom and it takes a while for the signal to bounce back.

“So there are clues that you can see on your depth finder.  Areas with a hard bottom and a gradual slope are gold mines for trout to hang out in.”